Venezuela

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#25
7

Communities at risk

Indigenous peoples, Afro-descendants

Summary

Turmoil persists in Venezuela, where President Nicolás Maduro retains his grip on power following a failed coup in April 2019 by opposition leader Juan Guaidó. Guaidó, claiming to be the rightful interim president after a controversial 2018 election, is backed by several dozen countries including the US, which has piled sanctions on the Maduro government.… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflictsNo data
Major armed conflictNo data
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.1456
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance7.3
Rise of factionalized elites9.2
Voice and Accountability-1.414
Political Stability-1.344
Rule of Law-2.339
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL13.68

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Turmoil persists in Venezuela, where President Nicolás Maduro retains his grip on power following a failed coup in April 2019 by opposition leader Juan Guaidó. Guaidó, claiming to be the rightful interim president after a controversial 2018 election, is backed by several dozen countries including the US, which has piled sanctions on the Maduro government. In March 2020, timed alongside mounting COVID-19 concerns, the US indicted Maduro and other highranking officials on narcoterrorism charges, aiming to ratchet up the pressure on a government presiding over already calamitous inflation, food and healthcare crises. While living conditions for ordinary Venezuelans deteriorate further, the number fleeing the country has reach nearly 5 million. Police and military, who continue to commit human rights abuses, are focused on resisting domestic opposition
while an array of paramilitaries and criminal gangs have expanded their violent operations across the country, particularly in border areas.