Syria

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#1
0

Communities at risk

Political targets, Shi'a/Alawites, Christians, Kurds, Palestinians

Summary

Syria retains its highest-ranked position in the Peoples under Threat index as signs of President Assad’s military ‘victory’ grow ever clearer. Syria’s largest cities are now under government control, although significant territory remains in the hands of predominantly Islamist opposition fighters as well as an alliance of Kurdish and Arab militias, the Syrian Democratic Forces.… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.7
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.9
Rise of factionalized elites9.9
Voice and Accountability-1.968
Political Stability-2.631
Rule of Law-2.090
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL28.82

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Syria retains its highest-ranked position in the Peoples under Threat index as signs of President Assad’s military ‘victory’ grow ever clearer. Syria’s largest cities are now under government control, although significant territory remains in the hands of predominantly Islamist opposition fighters as well as an alliance of Kurdish and Arab militias, the Syrian Democratic Forces. In March 2019, Kurdish forces captured the eastern village of Baghouz, the last populated area in Syria controlled by ISIS. Backed by Russia, Iran and numerous Shi’a militias, government forces are closing in on Idlib province, the final opposition holdout. While all sides have committed widespread atrocities, the vast majority of civilian deaths in Syria have come at the hands of the regime, which along with Russia continues to bomb hospitals and other civilian infrastructure. While figures are impossible to verify, more than 500,000 people are estimated to have been killed and 12 million more displaced inside Syria or abroad. Social media has played an unprecedented role in the Syria conflict, with all sides exploiting online platforms to communicate competing narratives, recruit fighters, fundraise and document or deny human rights abuses.