Sudan

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#7
2

Communities at risk

Fur, Zaghawa, Massalit and others in Darfur, Ngok Dinka, Nuba, Beja

Summary

Looking towards an uncertain future, Sudansits high in the Peoples under Threat table. Mass anti-austerity demonstrations in late 2018 led, nearly four months later, to the end of President Omar al-Bashir’s three-decade reign. A prominent mobilizing and organizing role was played by social media – banned but still accessible through virtual private networks (VPNs) –… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.1
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance10.0
Rise of factionalized elites9.7
Voice and Accountability-1.826
Political Stability-2.007
Rule of Law-1.109
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL20.28

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Looking towards an uncertain future, Sudansits high in the Peoples under Threat table. Mass anti-austerity demonstrations in late 2018 led, nearly four months later, to the end of President Omar al-Bashir’s three-decade reign. A prominent mobilizing and organizing role was played by social media – banned but still accessible through virtual private networks (VPNs) – which rallied protesters around an iconic video of a young female activist that went viral globally. Steps towards a civilian-led transitional government have been tentative, with a military council attempting to take control and confronting ongoing demonstrations with deadly force. It remains to be seen whether Bashir will one day be prosecuted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for atrocity crimes against Darfur’s non-Arab ethnic groups. Fighting is ongoing in Darfur’s Jebel Marra region, where civilians have been attacked by paramilitary Rapid Support Forces and the Sudanese army, which also continues to battle rebels in South Kordofan and Blue Nile states.