Sudan

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#8
1

Communities at risk

Fur, Zaghawa, Massalit and others in Darfur, Ngok Dinka, Nuba, Beja

Summary

Following months of countrywide mass protests in which security personnel killed hundreds of demonstrators, Sudan’s dictator of nearly three decades, Omar al-Bashir, was overthrown by the military in April 2019. Paramilitary Rapid Support Forces then murdered more than 100 protestors in June and brutalized many others. A transition from military to civilian rule is now… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict1
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0623
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.4
Rise of factionalized elites9.4
Voice and Accountability-1.841
Political Stability-1.836
Rule of Law-1.120
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL18.18

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Following months of countrywide mass protests in which security personnel killed hundreds of
demonstrators, Sudan’s dictator of nearly three decades, Omar al-Bashir, was overthrown by the
military in April 2019. Paramilitary Rapid Support Forces then murdered more than 100 protestors in June and brutalized many others. A transition from military to civilian rule is now underway but shaky. Positive political, social and economic reforms have occurred, including a framework agreement for peace talks in Darfur and a ceasefire between the government and rebel groups in Blue Nile and South Kordofan states. But peace processes have faltered as funding for demobilization is scarce and rebel leaders have misgivings – shared with many other Sudanese –
about Bashir-era military commanders retaining excessive influence in the transitional government. For Sudan, COVID-19 also intersects with an economic crisis, where soaring inflation and a lockdown makes survival difficult for millions of people