Somalia

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#2
0

Communities at risk

Bantu, Benadiri, 'caste' groups (Gabooye etc.), Hawiye, Darod, clan members at risk in fighting

Summary

Cycles of deadly violence are unrelenting in Somalia. Civilians face serious abuses, including targeted and indiscriminate killings, forced recruitment and evictions, and sexual violence. Al-Shabaab has used Twitter and Facebook as tools to broadcast propaganda and recruit supporters in an environment where mobile phone penetration has been rising steadily in recent years. The majority of… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.3
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.0
Rise of factionalized elites10.0
Voice and Accountability-1.778
Political Stability-2.326
Rule of Law-2.313
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL23.12

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Cycles of deadly violence are unrelenting in Somalia. Civilians face serious abuses, including targeted and indiscriminate killings, forced recruitment and evictions, and sexual violence. Al-Shabaab has used Twitter and Facebook as tools to broadcast propaganda and recruit supporters in an environment where mobile phone penetration has been rising steadily in recent years. The majority of its bombing, shelling and gunfire attacks on politicians, other state officials, joint forces and civilians are in Mogadishu and the adjacent Lower Shabelle region, but also often take place in Jubaland and Puntland. Countervailing military operations by Somali government forces, African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops and other foreign forces, including escalating airstrikes by the United States (US) Africa Command, have resulted in further civilian deaths and widespread abuses. Civilians have also been targeted or faced indiscriminate attacks during inter-clan violence in several regions. Midway through 2018, renewed armed conflict between the Somaliland and Puntland regional governments uprooted at least 12,500 people, while across the country more than 2.6 million remain displaced.