More than a decade after popular uprisings gave way to civil war, Syria again tops the Peoples under Threat index in 2021 – the seventh time in a row. Farcical presidential elections in May 2021 occurred in the two-thirds of the country under government control and against the backdrop of tens of thousands of perceived… Read more »


Since the overthrow of dictator Omar al-Bashir in 2019, Sudan’s transition to democratic governance has hung in the balance. In 2021, more than two years later, to protect its political and economic interests established over several decades, the military launched a coup in October 2021. While the civilian prime minister was nominally reinstated thereafter, this… Read more »