Nigeria

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#11
2

Communities at risk

Ibo, Ijaw, Ogoni, Yoruba, Hausa (Muslims), Christians in the North

Summary

For Nigeria, 2019 marked the tenth year of conflict between the government and the Islamist militant group, Boko Haram, which split into two factions in 2016. Mainly in northeastern Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states, the number of deaths increased from the previous year as Boko Haram fighters clashed with military targets and carried out attacks… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0128
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.1
Rise of factionalized elites9.9
Voice and Accountability-0.408
Political Stability-2.193
Rule of Law-0.881
OECD country risk classification6
TOTAL17.53

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

For Nigeria, 2019 marked the tenth year of conflict between the government and the Islamist militant group, Boko Haram, which split into two factions in 2016. Mainly in northeastern Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states, the number of deaths increased from the previous year as Boko Haram fighters clashed with military targets and carried out attacks on civilians, including suicide bombings and abductions. The Islamic State West Africa Province (ISWAP) faction has been strengthening ties with the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara, which will exacerbate insecurity in
Nigeria and across state borders. In the northwest, a conflict rooted in resource competition between Fulani herders and mostly-Hausa farmers has become increasingly entangled with organized crime and ISWAP activities, and in the so-called Middle Belt, deadly attacks and reprisals continue between the primarily Muslim Fulani and predominantly Christian farmers of Berom and Tiv tribes. Conflictravaged communities already suffering from food insecurity are especially vulnerable to COVID-19.