Burma/Myanmar

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#12
2

Communities at risk

Kachin, Karenni, Karen, Mons, Rakhine, Rohingyas, Shan, Chin (Zomis), Wa

Summary

According to a September 2019 report by a UN-led independent fact-finding mission on Myanmar, roughly 600,000 Rohingya remaining in Rakhine state are living under the threat of genocide. Underlining the danger, in January 2020, the International Court of Justice ordered Myanmar to take urgent measures to prevent genocide. Following decades of persecution, including imposed statelessness,… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0292
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.8
Rise of factionalized elites8.0
Voice and Accountability-0.887
Political Stability-1.309
Rule of Law-1.033
OECD country risk classification6
TOTAL17.24

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

According to a September 2019 report by a UN-led independent fact-finding mission on Myanmar,
roughly 600,000 Rohingya remaining in Rakhine state are living under the threat of genocide.
Underlining the danger, in January 2020, the International Court of Justice ordered Myanmar to
take urgent measures to prevent genocide. Following decades of persecution, including imposed
statelessness, Myanmar’s mostly-Muslim Rohingya population faced a military-led campaign of mass killings and forced expulsion beginning in August 2017. Today another 900,000 Rohingya remain in overcrowded camps in Cox’s Bazar in Bangladesh, where COVID-19 threatens to run rampant in the world’s largest refugee settlement. Sanitation and health services are meagre. An outbreak could also devastate Myanmar’s conflict-affected states – mainly Shan, Kachin, Chin and Rakhine – where the military clashes with ethnic armed groups. In Rakhine, fighting continues to escalate between the Arakan Army and security forces, whose methods of brutalizing the ethnic Rakhine population include arson and other attacks reminiscent of 2017.