Mali

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#27
3

Communities at risk

Tuaregs, Arabs, Maure and others in the north

Summary

Mali ranks 27th in 2019’s Peoples under Threat table and rose three places from 2018’s ranking. While violence has now reached unprecedented levels, Malihas been the epicentre of instability extending beyond its borders since a rebellion by allied Tuaregs and jihadists in 2012 was confronted by French military intervention. From 2018, northern and central Mali… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict1
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance7.9
Rise of factionalized elites5.4
Voice and Accountability-0.256
Political Stability-1.910
Rule of Law-0.777
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL12.91

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Mali ranks 27th in 2019’s Peoples under Threat table and rose three places from 2018’s ranking.

While violence has now reached unprecedented levels, Malihas been the epicentre of instability extending beyond its borders since a rebellion by allied Tuaregs and jihadists in 2012 was confronted by French military intervention. From 2018, northern and central Mali saw an escalation of deadly assaults by Islamist armed groups linked to al-Qaeda, and to a lesser extent ISIS, on security personnel and members of the UN peacekeeping mission. Many civilians have been killed, often by improvised explosive devices (IEDs) on roadways, and the army has committed atrocities, including summary executions during counter terrorism operations. Deep-rooted communal tensions exploded in 2018, resulting in hundreds of deaths from attacks and reprisals between Dogon and Peuhl (Fulani) ethnic groups, with members of the latter being viewed by the former as potential recruits of extremist groups. At the heart of the tensions are issues to do with land use and access to grazing and water. In April 2019, facing mass protests against its failure to provide security, Mali’s recently elected government resigned after some 160 Peuhl herders were brutally massacred in Ogossagou village.