Mali

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#19
8

Communities at risk

Tuaregs, Arabs, Maure and others in the north

Summary

Violence in Malicontinues to spiral out of control and spill into neighbouring states. In swathes of territory where state authority is minimal, armed Islamist groups – namely the Malian branch of alQaeda in the Sahel, several supporting factions, and the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara – continue to launch attacks on civilian targets and… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0166
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance8.4
Rise of factionalized elites5.7
Voice and Accountability-0.309
Political Stability-2.051
Rule of Law-0.798
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL14.55

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Violence in Malicontinues to spiral out of control and spill into neighbouring states. In swathes of
territory where state authority is minimal, armed Islamist groups – namely the Malian branch of alQaeda in the Sahel, several supporting factions, and the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara – continue to launch attacks on civilian targets and the Malian army, who have perpetrated abuses as well. Armed Islamists are also fighting the counterinsurgency campaigns of France’s Operation Barkhane and the G5 Sahel Joint Force, mounted by a regional coalition of states. Making matters worse, the lines between Islamist insurgency and long-running ethnic conflict have become increasingly blurred, particularly in central Mopti region. Bloodshed has escalated between
herder communities and their Dozo self-defense groups, on the one hand, and on the other Fulani
pastoralists who have been accused of aligning with Islamist militants. Pressures on Mali’s population from a pre-existing, conflict-related state of emergency are compounded by its COVID-19 health emergency.