Libya

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#10
1

Communities at risk

Black Libyans, Sub-Saharan migrants, Tebu, Berbers

Summary

Libya has predictably risen in the Peoples under Threat table. Renegade general Khalifa Haftar’s April 2019 offensive on the capital, Tripoli, appears to be defeated more than one year later, having generated the country’s worst violence since 2011. In Tripoli and across western Libya, civilians have been caught in the middle of fighting between forces… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0426
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance7.8
Rise of factionalized elites9.7
Voice and Accountability-1.521
Political Stability-2.441
Rule of Law-1.786
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL17.97

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Libya has predictably risen in the Peoples under Threat table. Renegade general Khalifa Haftar’s April 2019 offensive on the capital, Tripoli, appears to be defeated more than one year later, having generated the country’s worst violence since 2011. In Tripoli and across western Libya, civilians have been caught in the middle of fighting between forces aligned with Haftar’s so-called Libyan National Army, backed by an eastern government, and forces loyal to the UNrecognized Government of National Accord (GNA) in Tripoli. The conflict has become more intractable
due to the increased involvement of external powers, namely Turkey and Russia, who have fueled the bloodshed by funneling military and financial aid to opposing sides. Tribal and ethnic groups in Libya’s southern desert continue clashing over territory and resources and have been more-and-more involved in the wider conflict. The GNA has earmarked funds to fight a COVID-19 outbreak, but Libya is lacking medical staff and equipment.