Iraq

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#6
1

Communities at risk

Shi'a, Sunnis, Kurds, Turkmen, Christians, Mandaeans, Yezidis, Shabak, Faili Kurds, Bahá'ís, Palestinians

Summary

While gradually improving, the situation in Iraq remains precarious. From October, massive nationwide anti-government demonstrations have been met by security forces with violence, leaving over 500 dead by the end of the year. Since the second half of 2019, ISIS militants have ramped up attacks on civilians, infrastructure and security forces in Iraq, aiming to… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0631
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance8.5
Rise of factionalized elites9.6
Voice and Accountability-0.987
Political Stability-2.556
Rule of Law-1.759
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL20.32

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

While gradually improving, the situation in Iraq remains precarious. From October, massive
nationwide anti-government demonstrations have been met by security forces with violence, leaving over 500 dead by the end of the year. Since the second half of 2019, ISIS militants have ramped up attacks on civilians, infrastructure and security forces in Iraq, aiming to exploit the diversion of government resources to the popular unrest as well as preparations for a COVID-19 outbreak. Healthcare capabilities are poor and nearly half a million internally displaced people are in camps. The US-led coalition against ISIS, supporting the Iraqi military and Kurdish forces, has also been weakened by the focus of international attention elsewhere, and several coalition members
have announced troop withdrawals due to fear of COVID-19’s spread. Tensions between the US and
Iran have led to the exchange of fire between US forces and Iraqi state-sanctioned, mainly-Shi’a
militias, undermining the joint fight against ISIS.