Iraq

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#5
1

Communities at risk

Shi'a, Sunnis, Kurds, Turkmen, Christians, Mandaeans, Yezidis, Shabak, Faili Kurds, Bahá'ís, Palestinians

Summary

While Iraq remains prone to further outbreaks of violence, the Twitter hashtag #AllEyesOnISIS – previously used to amplify propaganda and generate a climate of fear as the group conquered swathes of the country – has lost much of its currency. While the Iraqi military, and affiliated mainly Shi’a sectarian militias, Kurdish forces and the US-led… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.1
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.3
Rise of factionalized elites9.6
Voice and Accountability-1.048
Political Stability-2.331
Rule of Law-1.637
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL20.39

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

While Iraq remains prone to further outbreaks of violence, the Twitter hashtag #AllEyesOnISIS – previously used to amplify propaganda and generate a climate of fear as the group conquered swathes of the country – has lost much of its currency. While the Iraqi military, and affiliated mainly Shi’a sectarian militias, Kurdish forces and the US-led international coalition continue to clash with ISIS fighters in rural holdouts, the group has been reduced mainly to operating sleeper cells and launching terrorist attacks in population centres. While 2018 saw the lowest number of civilian casualties in Iraq since the US-led invasion of the country in 2003, approximately 1.8 million Iraqis are still internally displaced, and deep socio-political fault lines have yet to be resolved. Particularly in Nineva and Anbar, where ISIS drew significant support, civilians continue to face harsh measures amounting to collective punishment by security forces, including arbitrary detentions and torture. Iraqi judges have prosecuted thousands of ISIS suspects based on flawed procedures, although some improvements have been made.