Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#7
1

Communities at risk

Hema and Lendu, Hutu, Luba, Lunda, Tutsi/Banyamulenge, Batwa/Bambuti, other groups

Summary

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has seen increased demobilization of armed groups following the January 2019 inauguration of President Félix Tshisekedi, the declared winner of a widely disputed election the previous month. Yet, particularly in the country’s eastern provinces, atrocities have continued at the hands of government forces and more than 130 armed groups… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0626
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.7
Rise of factionalized elites9.8
Voice and Accountability-1.512
Political Stability-2.116
Rule of Law-1.784
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL20.16

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has seen increased demobilization of armed groups
following the January 2019 inauguration of President Félix Tshisekedi, the declared winner of a widely disputed election the previous month. Yet, particularly in the country’s eastern provinces,
atrocities have continued at the hands of government forces and more than 130 armed groups – many originating from neighbouring countries – who have fought one another as well as UN peacekeepers. Beni territory, North Kivu and the South Kivu highlands have been especially hard hit, with unidentified militias continually attacking civilians. Deadly conflict between Hema and Lendu ethnic groups escalated in Ituri province, uprooting around 300,000 people. In April 2019, for the first time, ISIS-linked fighters carried out offensives in the DRC. With poor healthcare facilities and 4.5 million people internally displaced as a result of decades of conflict and
instability, a COVID-19 outbreak would severely compound the existing humanitarian emergency.