Central African Republic

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#10
3

Communities at risk

Muslims, Christians, Kaba (Sara), Mboum, Mbororo, Gula, Aka

Summary

The Central African Republic ranked 10th in 2019’s Peoples under Threat index and rose three places from 2018’s ranking. Throughout 2018 conflict wore on in the CAR between largely Muslim ex-Sélékarebels and mainly Christian anti-balakamilitias, who have fought since 2013. Hate speech and incitement on social media have played a significant role in fuelling inter-communal… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflictsNo data
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.3
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance8.8
Rise of factionalized elites9.7
Voice and Accountability-1.107
Political Stability-1.939
Rule of Law-1.731
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL17.72

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

The Central African Republic ranked 10th in 2019’s Peoples under Threat index and rose three places from 2018’s ranking.

Throughout 2018 conflict wore on in the CAR between largely Muslim ex-Sélékarebels and mainly Christian anti-balakamilitias, who have fought since 2013. Hate speech and incitement on social media have played a significant role in fuelling inter-communal bloodshed. Within the past year, between 70 and 80 per cent of the country has been controlled by various armed groups, which in some cases have established their own governance structures. Clashes between these groups, as well as frequent attacks on civilians, state authorities, UN peacekeepers and humanitarian aid workers have continued. The total number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) has reached 655,000 while almost 600,000 others have fled the country, the highest numbers in five years. In February 2019 the government and 14 armed groups signed a peace accord aiming to end what has become a civil war, but the situation in the country remains highly volatile.