Burkina Faso

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#70

Summary

Burkina Faso ranked 70th in 2019’s Peoples under Threat index and rose 12 places from 2018’s ranking. A new entrant, Burkina Faso, appears poised to continue its tragic rise in the Peoples under Threat table. Home-grown militants as well as al-Qaeda and ISIS operatives have exploited local grievances and a security vacuum left after the popular overthrow… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflictsNo data
Major armed conflict1
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance4.2
Rise of factionalized elites7.8
Voice and Accountability0.059
Political Stability-0.925
Rule of Law-0.405
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL8.91

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Burkina Faso ranked 70th in 2019’s Peoples under Threat index and rose 12 places from 2018’s ranking.

A new entrant, Burkina Faso, appears poised to continue its tragic rise in the Peoples under Threat table. Home-grown militants as well as al-Qaeda and ISIS operatives have exploited local grievances and a security vacuum left after the popular overthrow of dictator Blaise Compaoré in 2014. Since late 2018, violence has sharply escalated and spread from the northern Soum province to eastern and south-western parts of the country. Security forces have faced ongoing attacks from armed groups and civilians have suffered abuses, including summary executions, from various parties to the conflict. In the context of spiralling insecurity, ethnic ‘self-defence’ militias have ignited a string of mass reprisal killings between members of Mossi and Foulse communities who have faced the brunt of jihadist violence, and marginalized Peuhl who have been perceived as supporting extremists. Spring 2019 saw the emergence of an alarming new trend when gunmen murdered Catholic and Protestant churchgoers in two attacks in the north of the country. Burkina Faso’s unprecedented violence has displaced more than 1,000 people each day since the beginning of 2019.