Burkina Faso

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#45
25

Summary

As violent conflict reaches unprecedented levels, expanding from the north to nearly every part of the country, Burkina Faso has leapt up the Peoples under Threat table. As is the case elsewhere in the Sahel, Islamist insurgencies, organized crime and ethnic conflict are interlocking crises. Mali-based Islamic State and al-Qaeda outfits as well as the… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2020 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflictsNo data
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0092
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance4.4
Rise of factionalized elites7.8
Voice and Accountability-0.043
Political Stability-1.041
Rule of Law-0.446
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL10.53

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

As violent conflict reaches unprecedented levels, expanding from the north to nearly every part of the country, Burkina Faso has leapt up the Peoples under Threat table. As is the case elsewhere in the Sahel, Islamist insurgencies, organized crime and ethnic conflict are interlocking crises. Mali-based Islamic State and al-Qaeda outfits as well as the Burkinabé group Ansarul Islam have exploited porous borders and a weak state to launch attacks – growing in number and deadliness – on military personnel, infrastructure and civilians. Jihadists now attack Christian churches with regularity as well. Supported mainly by France and regional allies, heavy-handed counterinsurgency operations have contributed to rising civilian casualties. ‘Self-defence’ militias formed by Mossi and Foulse communities, which have faced extremist violence, continue clashing with ethnic
Fulani, who are accused of being jihadi sympathizers. Exceptionally hard-hit by COVID-19, the
government has impossible demands placed on its strained resources and attention.