Venezuela

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#32
3

Communities at risk

Indigenous peoples, Afro-descendants

Summary

Venezuela ranked 32nd in 2019’s Peoples under Threat index and rose three places from 2018’s ranking. The aftermath of Venezuela’s deeply flawed and contested re-election of Nicolás Maduro in May 2018 has fuelled fears of escalating violence. Thousands of injuries and more than 100 deaths have resulted from continued clashes between pro- and anti-government protesters,… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflictsNo data
Major armed conflictNo data
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance7.3
Rise of factionalized elites8.5
Voice and Accountability-1.211
Political Stability-1.180
Rule of Law-2.255
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL11.93

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Venezuela ranked 32nd in 2019’s Peoples under Threat index and rose three places from 2018’s ranking.

The aftermath of Venezuela’s deeply flawed and contested re-election of Nicolás Maduro in May 2018 has fuelled fears of escalating violence. Thousands of injuries and more than 100 deaths have resulted from continued clashes between pro- and anti-government protesters, and security forces have acted with impunity in violently cracking down on the latter. Provocations by domestic and international actors, namely the US, have deepened the country’s political and economic crisis and led to a failed uprising in April 2019 by opposition leader Juan Guaidó, who has been endorsed by some members of the international community as the ‘interim President’. The government has strategically alternated between blocking and allowing the use of social media, on which both sides have relied to construct legitimacy and mobilize supporters. Venezuela’s worsening situation, including skyrocketing inflation and a public health crisis, have led to the largest exodus in recent Latin American history, with some 2.7 million Venezuelans having left the country since 2015. The country has continued its climb up the index, following on from a rise in 2018’s table.