Syria

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#1
0

Communities at risk

Political targets, Shi'a/Alawites, Christians, Kurds, Palestinians

Summary

Syria heads the Peoples under Threat index again in 2017. UN human rights officials, including the UN Commission of Inquiry, have been granted no access to Syria since the crisis began in 2011. In that time, some 400,000 people have been killed, according to credible estimates recently cited by the UN envoy, Staffan de Mistura. More than 6 million are internally displaced… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2017 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.6558
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance10
Rise of factionalized elites9.9
Voice and Accountability-1.849
Political Stability-2.938
Rule of Law-1.431
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL27.467

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Syria heads the Peoples under Threat index again in 2017. UN human rights officials, including the UN Commission of Inquiry, have been granted no access to Syria since the crisis began in 2011. In that time, some 400,000 people have been killed, according to credible estimates recently cited by the UN envoy, Staffan de Mistura. More than 6 million are internally displaced and over 5 million have fled the country to seek refuge abroad. Syria is now effectively divided between Alawite-dominated government areas, rebel-held Sunni Arab areas, and the Kurdish-led territory in the north, although that picture simplifies the complex patchwork of local control on the ground. Aleppo finally fell to forces supporting the Assad government in December 2016, but many towns remain besieged, cut off from humanitarian aid. As the rate of civilian casualties from Syrian-Russian airstrikes has declined in recent months, civilian deaths from US-led coalition airstrikes in the battle for Raqqa have increased.