Syria

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#1
0

Communities at risk

Political targets, Shi'a/Alawites, Christians, Kurds, Palestinians

Summary

The agony of Syria goes on as a partial ‘cessation of hostilities’ agreed in February 2016 continues to break down. The formal entry into the conflict of the US and the international coalition against ISIS in September 2014, and of Russia a year later, have not brought a resolution any closer. Instead, deaths have escalated,… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2016 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.6446
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance10
Rise of factionalized elites9.9
Voice and Accountability-1.8
Political Stability-2.757
Rule of Law-1.339
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL27.03

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

The agony of Syria goes on as a partial ‘cessation of hostilities’ agreed in February 2016 continues to break down. The formal entry into the conflict of the US and the international coalition against ISIS in September 2014, and of Russia a year later, have not brought a resolution any closer. Instead, deaths have escalated, passing a quarter of a million by August 2015. The vast majority of civilian casualties are caused not by ISIS but through indiscriminate bombardment by Syrian and Russian aircraft, including the continued use by the Syrian air force of barrel bombs in contravention of UN Security Council resolution 2139. Christians and other minorities, historically subject to repression under the Syrian government, now find themselves largely confined to government-held areas. Meanwhile, the Kurdish-held cantons in northern Syria, the closest to a functioning democracy the country possesses, are threatened by powerful enemies: to the south by ISIS and to the north by Turkey.