Syria

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#1
0

Communities at risk

Political targets, Shi'a/Alawites, Christians, Kurds, Palestinians

Summary

Syria remains firmly atop the Peoples under Threat table in 2018 as its tragic conflict evolves. IS has remained in control of pockets of territory but was dealt significant blows in 2017, with its de-facto capital, Raqqa, taken in October by an alliance of Kurdish and Arab armed groups backed by a US-led coalition. Fierce fighting carried on between Islamist opposition groups… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2018 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.6823
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.8
Rise of factionalized elites9.9
Voice and Accountability-1.959
Political Stability-2.914
Rule of Law-2.006
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL28.36

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Syria remains firmly atop the Peoples under Threat table in 2018 as its tragic conflict evolves. IS has remained in control of pockets of territory but was dealt significant blows in 2017, with its de-facto capital, Raqqa, taken in October by an alliance of Kurdish and Arab armed groups backed by a US-led coalition. Fierce fighting carried on between Islamist opposition groups against the government, which with backing by Russia, Iran and Shi’a militias continues to make territorial gains. The Assad regime, responsible for deliberate and indiscriminate attacks against civilians and the overwhelming majority of civilian deaths, has continued to use banned chemical weapons in opposition-held areas while Russia vetoes accountability measures at the UN Security Council. Turkey’s invasion of the northern province of Afrin has resulted in mass displacement of the local Kurdish population and fears of forced demographic engineering. Civilian casualties from US-led coalition airstrikes have also increased significantly under the Trump administration. The death toll from the conflict, though impossible to estimate with precision, is widely believed to have climbed well over half a million, with more than 11 million people displaced in and outside the country.