Syria

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#3
3

Communities at risk

Political targets, Shi'a/Alawites, Christians, Kurds, Palestinians

Summary

In January 2014 the Office of the United Nations (UN) High Commissioner on Human Rights announced that the difficulty of verifying information had led it to abandon updating death tolls for the conflict in Syria, last estimated at over 100,000. The fragmentation of the war, both in terms of the proliferation of armed groups and… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2014 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Massive movement - refugees and IDPs9.5
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.3
Rise of factionalized elites9.2
Voice and Accountability-1.789
Political Stability-2.688
Rule of Law-1.101
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL21.61

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

In January 2014 the Office of the United Nations (UN) High Commissioner on Human Rights announced that the difficulty of verifying information had led it to abandon updating death tolls for the conflict in Syria, last estimated at over 100,000. The fragmentation of the war, both in terms of the proliferation of armed groups and the complex pattern of shifting control on the ground, creates further problems for determining accountability. It also accompanies a growing sectarianization of the conflict. The Free Syrian Army (FSA), the military wing of the national coalition opposed to the Assad government, steadily lost ground to a number of Islamist militias with a sectarian agenda, including the Nusra Front, the Islamic Front and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Kurds in the north, long persecuted under Assad, faced repeated attacks in the second half of the year by Islamist groups as well as the FSA, pushing some 50,000 refugees to flee to Iraqi Kurdistan.