Sudan

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#5
1

Communities at risk

Fur, Zaghawa, Massalit and others in Darfur, Ngok Dinka, Nuba, Beja

Summary

The government in Sudan continues its violent repression and violations of basic civil and political rights. Government forces and paramilitaries continue to attack civilians, particularly IDPs. 2017 marked the 15th year of the war in Darfur between the mainly ethnic Arab government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF), an alliance between mostly ethnic African armed groups. Principally in Darfur, the conflict between various… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2018 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0749
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance10
Rise of factionalized elites9.7
Voice and Accountability-1.797
Political Stability-2.381
Rule of Law-1.262
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL20.847

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

The government in Sudan continues its violent repression and violations of basic civil and political rights. Government forces and paramilitaries continue to attack civilians, particularly IDPs. 2017 marked the 15th year of the war in Darfur between the mainly ethnic Arab government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF), an alliance between mostly ethnic African armed groups. Principally in Darfur, the conflict between various tribes has continued despite repeated ceasefires as the underlying issues – in particular, conflicts over cattle and arable land – have not been resolved. As a result, violence along ethnic lines, and between farmers and cattle herders, continues to occur and has resulted in large numbers of civilian casualties. Fighting in South Cordovan and Blue Nile states between the government and rebels has lulled, due to peace negotiations and rebel factionalization, but risks re-igniting. 2018 marks ten years of President Omar al-Bashir’s defiance of two International Criminal Court arrest warrants for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes allegedly committed in Darfur.