South Sudan

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#3
3

Communities at risk

Murle, Nuer, Dinka, Anuak, Jie, Kachipo

Summary

Following a year where South Sudan’s conflict regions were hit by famine, the country’s civil war entered its fifth year in 2018, with new bouts of fighting spreading. The conflict began as a rift between President Salva Kiir and then-Vice President Riek Machar in 2013, each mobilising supporters along ethnic lines. Both sides have perpetrated widespread abuses against civilian populations, including sexual violence,… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2018 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflictsNo data
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.3111
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.7
Rise of factionalized elites9.7
Voice and Accountability-1.671
Political Stability-2.418
Rule of Law-1.692
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL21

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Following a year where South Sudan’s conflict regions were hit by famine, the country’s civil war entered its fifth year in 2018, with new bouts of fighting spreading. The conflict began as a rift between President Salva Kiir and then-Vice President Riek Machar in 2013, each mobilising supporters along ethnic lines. Both sides have perpetrated widespread abuses against civilian populations, including sexual violence, destruction of property and indiscriminate attacks. Various peace deals have been signed and then broken, and tens of thousands of people have been killed as a result of the conflict. Roughly a third of the population, over 4.2 million people, has been uprooted. An absence of accountability has contributed to the violence, and while previous reports have documented crimes but not perpetrators, a February 2018 UN investigation said that it had identified more than 40 South Sudanese military officers who may be responsible for war crimes and crimes against humanity.