Somalia

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#2
0

Communities at risk

Bantu, Benadiri, 'caste' groups (Gabooye etc.), Hawiye, Darod, clan members at risk in fighting

Summary

A new offensive by al-Shabaab rebels early in 2016, and the extension of attacks in Kenya, keep Somalia in second place in the table. Plans by the Kenya government to close down the huge Dadaab refugee camp near the Somali border place in question the safety of the camp’s 330,000 residents, including a significant proportion… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2016 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.2139
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.5
Rise of factionalized elites10
Voice and Accountability-2.134
Political Stability-2.488
Rule of Law-2.389
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL23.28

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

A new offensive by al-Shabaab rebels early in 2016, and the extension of attacks in Kenya, keep Somalia in second place in the table. Plans by the Kenya government to close down the huge Dadaab refugee camp near the Somali border place in question the safety of the camp’s 330,000 residents, including a significant proportion from the Bantu minority. Meanwhile, Somali political leaders with UN backing have agreed plans for 2016 elections, not on the basis of universal suffrage but according to a power-sharing arrangement. Under the 4.5 formula, the main clan groupings divide representatives equally between them while the country’s minorities together only have half a share, limited to some 11 per cent – long a source of concern for human rights activists, who argue that the actual proportion of minorities in the population is far higher.