Somalia

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#2
0

Communities at risk

Bantu, Benadiri, 'caste' groups (Gabooye etc.), Hawiye, Darod, clan members at risk in fighting

Summary

Somalia continues to experience destabilising armed conflict and abuses against civilians by all parties involved. Al-Shabaab has frequently attacked government and civilian targets, particularly in South-Central Somalia and Puntland, where Shabaab militants defected to IS have also fought their former group. Further civilian deaths and displacement have resulted from counterinsurgency operations by the Somali National Army, African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops and… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2018 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.1791
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance8.9
Rise of factionalized elites10
Voice and Accountability-1.834
Political Stability-2.33
Rule of Law-2.371
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL22.351

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Somalia continues to experience destabilising armed conflict and abuses against civilians by all parties involved. Al-Shabaab has frequently attacked government and civilian targets, particularly in South-Central Somalia and Puntland, where Shabaab militants defected to IS have also fought their former group. Further civilian deaths and displacement have resulted from counterinsurgency operations by the Somali National Army, African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) troops and other foreign forces, including US aircraft whose strikes have become less precise and much more frequent. Inter-clan conflict drags on, but following a protracted political process, Somalia gained a new president in February, inspiring optimism cutting across society. Yet in one of the deadliest terror attacks in modern world history, a truck bombing struck Mogadishu in October and killed more than 500 people. Parts of the country were on the brink of famine in 2017, and by the end of the year over 6 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance.