Burma/Myanmar

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#14
4

Communities at risk

Kachin, Karenni, Karen, Mons, Rakhine, Rohingyas, Shan, Chin (Zomis), Wa

Summary

That Myanmar is not among the top-12 highest ranked countries is a grim reflection of the gravity of situations elsewhere. Following an attack by Rohingya militants on security personnel in August 2017, military forces and local Buddhist militias began attacking Muslim Rohingya in ‘clearance operations’ in Rakhine state. Rohingya have long faced systematic persecution, including having been rendered stateless by the government. Mass killings… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2018 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0173
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.7
Rise of factionalized elites8.3
Voice and Accountability-0.855
Political Stability-0.634
Rule of Law-0.986
OECD country risk classification6
TOTAL16.398

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

That Myanmar is not among the top-12 highest ranked countries is a grim reflection of the gravity of situations elsewhere. Following an attack by Rohingya militants on security personnel in August 2017, military forces and local Buddhist militias began attacking Muslim Rohingya in ‘clearance operations’ in Rakhine state. Rohingya have long faced systematic persecution, including having been rendered stateless by the government. Mass killings of Rohingya civilians, torching of hundreds of villages and widespread sexual violence has led nearly 700,000 Rohingya to flee their homes and more than 10,000 deaths by the end of the year. The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights has said ‘the situation seems a textbook example of ethnic cleansing’ and international observers have suggested acts of genocide have taken place. Elsewhere in the country, the peace process with ethnic armed groups made no meaningful progress and fighting intensified in Kachin and northern Shan states. Despite condemnation, the displaced Rohingya now face a growing humanitarian catastrophe in neighbouring Bangladesh, while also contending with a government that is actively seeking to repatriate many refugees in the near future.