Mozambique

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#66

Summary

Sporadic violence after the RENAMO opposition rejected the result of the 2014 elections in Mozambique escalated in 2016 with armed attacks in provincial centres. RENAMO is not the military force it was during Mozambique’s civil war, when it was backed by apartheid South Africa, but it is still able to draw support among many communities… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2016 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts2
Major armed conflictNo data
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0001
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance5.9
Rise of factionalized elites6.9
Voice and Accountability-0.227
Political Stability-0.351
Rule of Law-0.84
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL8.93

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Sporadic violence after the RENAMO opposition rejected the result of the 2014 elections in Mozambique escalated in 2016 with armed attacks in provincial centres. RENAMO is not the military force it was during Mozambique’s civil war, when it was backed by apartheid South Africa, but it is still able to draw support among many communities in the north and centre of the country who complain of continued marginalization. In April 2016 the office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights raised the alarm about reported summary executions and other human rights violations by the Mozambican army, as well as abuses by RENAMO fighters. The worst violence has hit Tete province, but it is spreading.