Libya

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#11
1

Communities at risk

Black Libyans, Sub-Saharan migrants, Tebu, Berbers

Summary

Libya has been a failed state since the overthrow of the Gaddafi regime in 2011. With rival governments competing for control, armed militias have flourished, and arbitrary detention, torture and kidnapping for ransom are widespread. Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) forces, which were responsible for a series of religious massacres, have lost large parts of the area they formerly controlled in… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2017 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0714
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance8.3
Rise of factionalized elites9.4
Voice and Accountability-1.366
Political Stability-2.198
Rule of Law-1.688
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL17.792

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Libya has been a failed state since the overthrow of the Gaddafi regime in 2011. With rival governments competing for control, armed militias have flourished, and arbitrary detention, torture and kidnapping for ransom are widespread. Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) forces, which were responsible for a series of religious massacres, have lost large parts of the area they formerly controlled in Sirte, but fighting between ISIS and Libyan and foreign forces continues. Libya’s geographical location and trafficking networks, developed during the conflict, have turned the country into a transit zone for tens of thousands of refugees and migrants from other parts of Africa and the Middle East. This has resulted in over 4,500 deaths in attempts to cross the Mediterranean and exploitation at the hands of armed groups and guards at migrant detention facilities, who have forced individuals into forced labour and sexual abuse.