Libya

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#12
5

Communities at risk

Black Libyans, Sub-Saharan migrants, Tebu, Berbers

Summary

With two rival parliaments, an array of competing militias and tribal forces, and a rapidly expanding branch of ISIS, Libya shows few signs of escaping the mantle of a failed state, despite the agreement to establish a government of national unity. Both the ethnic cleansing perpetrated during the Libyan uprising in 2011 and more recent… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2016 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0708
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance7.8
Rise of factionalized elites9.1
Voice and Accountability-1.147
Political Stability-2.324
Rule of Law-1.523
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL17.39

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

With two rival parliaments, an array of competing militias and tribal forces, and a rapidly expanding branch of ISIS, Libya shows few signs of escaping the mantle of a failed state, despite the agreement to establish a government of national unity. Both the ethnic cleansing perpetrated during the Libyan uprising in 2011 and more recent cases of religious persecution – including the extra-judicial execution of over 50 Christians in February and April 2015 – establishes a worrying track record. It is clear that the 2011 NATO intervention in Libya set two dangerous precedents for Libya’s new rulers: refusing to account for civilian casualties and appearing to tolerate widespread militia abuses. Libya is one of the highest climbers in the Peoples under Threat index this year.