Iraq

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#4
1

Communities at risk

Shi'a, Sunnis, Kurds, Turkmen, Christians, Mandaeans, Yezidis, Shabak, Faili Kurds, Bahá'ís, Palestinians

Summary

Iraq remains near the top of the table despite the considerable losses in terms of manpower and territory suffered by IS in 2017. Fighting displaced an estimated 3.2 million Iraqis and the nine-months long battle for Mosul, formerly the principal IS stronghold in Iraq, ended in July. IS perpetrated atrocities on a vast scale, yet of the roughly 10,000 civilians killed in… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2018 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.1363
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.6
Rise of factionalized elites9.6
Voice and Accountability-1.01
Political Stability-2.278
Rule of Law-1.701
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL20.927

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Iraq remains near the top of the table despite the considerable losses in terms of manpower and territory suffered by IS in 2017. Fighting displaced an estimated 3.2 million Iraqis and the nine-months long battle for Mosul, formerly the principal IS stronghold in Iraq, ended in July. IS perpetrated atrocities on a vast scale, yet of the roughly 10,000 civilians killed in the fighting, at least one third were at the hands of Iraqi government forces and their allies, which included mostly-Shi’a sectarian militias, Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) forces and the US-led international coalition. Diplomatic and military tensions between Baghdad and the KRG persist, having peaked prior to a September referendum defiantly favoring Kurdish independence. Despite positive rhetoric by some politicians in the run-up to May 2018 parliamentary elections, sectarian tensions and grievances towards the government persist, particularly in Anbar and Ninewa governorates as well as Diyala, where IS may seek to regroup and re-ignite cycles of violence.