Ethiopia

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#10
4

Communities at risk

Anuak, Afars, Oromo, Somalis, smaller minorities

Summary

Intensified political repression and armed conflict have resulted in Ethiopia’s elevation to the highest reaches of the Peoples under Threat table. While a 10-month state of emergency was lifted in August, security personnel continued to crack down on political opposition, killing more than 1,000 protestors during the course of the year and arresting tens of thousands of others. Severe restrictions on freedom of… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2018 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts5
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0016
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.1
Rise of factionalized elites8.7
Voice and Accountability-1.446
Political Stability-1.569
Rule of Law-0.394
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL17.767

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Intensified political repression and armed conflict have resulted in Ethiopia’s elevation to the highest reaches of the Peoples under Threat table. While a 10-month state of emergency was lifted in August, security personnel continued to crack down on political opposition, killing more than 1,000 protestors during the course of the year and arresting tens of thousands of others. Severe restrictions on freedom of expression and association as well as arbitrary detention and torture remain pressing issues. In Oromia and Somali regional states, fighting between ethnic Oromo and Somalis escalated and killed hundreds of people while displacing hundreds of thousands more. Inter-ethnic discord, territorial competition and self-perpetuating cycles of violence have fueled the conflict. Many serious abuses have been attributed to the ‘Liyu police’, a paramilitary outfit created by the Somali regional state.