Ethiopia

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#12
2

Communities at risk

Anuak, Afars, Oromo, Somalis, smaller minorities

Summary

While the April 2018 arrival of reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has given rise to optimism, Ethiopia faces dire challenges. Ahmed has released thousands of political prisoners, invited former rebel groups to dialogue, and lifted severe restrictions on the country’s television and online media landscape. Yet freeing up political space has energized power struggles between dominant… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2019 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance8.8
Rise of factionalized elites8.4
Voice and Accountability-1.442
Political Stability-1.687
Rule of Law-0.454
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL17.46

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

While the April 2018 arrival of reformist Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed has given rise to optimism, Ethiopia faces dire challenges. Ahmed has released thousands of political prisoners, invited former rebel groups to dialogue, and lifted severe restrictions on the country’s television and online media landscape. Yet freeing up political space has energized power struggles between dominant ethnic groups who stand to benefit or lose from wide-ranging reforms. With little constraint on expression of grievances, proliferation of extreme views on social media risks inflaming ethnic violence. In the south, deadly conflict between ethnic Oromo and Somalis intensified, as did clashes between armed groups and the army in the west. Some opposition groups returning from Eritrea have failed to disarm, attacking military and civilian targets and triggering inter-communal violence, notably among Guji and Gedeo. More people were internally displaced in Ethiopia in 2018 than in any other country, totalling nearly 3 million according to some estimates.