Eritrea

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#20
10

Communities at risk

Afars, Saho, Tigre, religious minorities

Summary

Since its independence from neighbouring Ethiopia 25 years ago, Eritrea has yet to hold national elections or have a free media presence. In 2016 a UN commission of inquiry – barred from entering the country – concluded that during that time officials in Eritrea have committed crimes against humanity, including enslavement, rape and torture, across the country. Violent border clashes continue with Ethiopia. Of… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2017 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflictNo data
Prior genocide / politicideNo data
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0945
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance6.6
Rise of factionalized elites8.1
Voice and Accountability-2.042
Political Stability-0.873
Rule of Law-1.414
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL14.1

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Since its independence from neighbouring Ethiopia 25 years ago, Eritrea has yet to hold national elections or have a free media presence. In 2016 a UN commission of inquiry – barred from entering the country – concluded that during that time officials in Eritrea have committed crimes against humanity, including enslavement, rape and torture, across the country. Violent border clashes continue with Ethiopia. Of particular concern is the escalation of the autonomy conflict with Afar rebels in the southeast.