Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#7
0

Communities at risk

Hema and Lendu, Hutu, Luba, Lunda, Tutsi/Banyamulenge, Batwa/Bambuti, other groups

Summary

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been shaken by multiple armed conflicts, uprooting nearly 2 million people in 2017. In Kasai province, Kamuina Nsapu rebels, who are mostly ethnic Luba, clashed with government troops, who have been accused by the UN of dumping bodies in mass graves. A government-sponsored militia, the Bana Mura, has also been involved in committing widespread atrocities, frequently… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2018 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0576
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance10
Rise of factionalized elites9.8
Voice and Accountability-1.39
Political Stability-2.198
Rule of Law-1.614
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL19.953

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

The Democratic Republic of the Congo has been shaken by multiple armed conflicts, uprooting nearly 2 million people in 2017. In Kasai province, Kamuina Nsapu rebels, who are mostly ethnic Luba, clashed with government troops, who have been accused by the UN of dumping bodies in mass graves. A government-sponsored militia, the Bana Mura, has also been involved in committing widespread atrocities, frequently against civilians. People remain unable to escape conflict in the eastern Kivu provinces, where more than 100 armed groups actively oppose the government or each other, including a new coalition in South Kivu which took control of numerous villages near Lake Tanganyika. Political violence and repression linked to President Joseph Kabila’s unconstitutional hold on power have further destabilized the country: while elections are supposed to take place in December 2018, they could occasion further political violence.