Congo, The Democratic Republic of the

Peoples Under Threat Ranking:
#7
1

Communities at risk

Hema and Lendu, Hutu, Luba, Lunda, Tutsi/Banyamulenge, Batwa/Bambuti, other groups

Summary

Fourteen years after the Sun City peace accords, the Democratic Republic of Congo appears to have settled into a permanent state of low-intensity conflict. Bloody clashes between Bantu militias and Batwa in Katanga, attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army in the far north, raids by rival Mai-Mai militias and Rwandan Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda… Read more »

Peoples Under Threat Data

2016 Data Peoples under Threat value
Self-determination conflicts4
Major armed conflict2
Prior genocide / politicide1
Flight of refugees and IDPs0.0313
Legacy of vengeance - group grievance9.5
Rise of factionalized elites9.5
Voice and Accountability-1.312
Political Stability-2.274
Rule of Law-1.43
OECD country risk classification7
TOTAL19.37

The overall measure for each country is based on a basket of 10 indicators. The number in each row is drawn from the source for that particular indicator. The sources of data and calculations used are detailed on the Notes to Table page. 

Background

Fourteen years after the Sun City peace accords, the Democratic Republic of Congo appears to have settled into a permanent state of low-intensity conflict. Bloody clashes between Bantu militias and Batwa in Katanga, attacks by the Lord’s Resistance Army in the far north, raids by rival Mai-Mai militias and Rwandan Democratic Liberation Forces of Rwanda (FDLR) rebels in the Kivus and the continued threat from former M23 rebels are just some of the factors that leave large parts of the Congolese population, particularly in the east, living in fear. Ethnic or tribal factors underpin many of the struggles, but they are also driven by local resource competition, cross-border conflicts and their own circular logic of violence.